Mr Kemp NZ

5 ways to teach kids about “Fake News”

Following up from the honor of being selected in Huffington Posts Top 12 Global Education Blogs of 2014/2015 I have been chosen again in this amazing group and for 2016/2017 will be contributing to Huffington Post’s Education blog once a month. This month we look to answer the following highly controversial question “How to we teach young people the rigorous critical thinking and research skills to distinguish news from propaganda? How do we ensure the next generation is one which communicates civically, values honesty, and recognizes reality?” – here is my response:

Written together with Marialice Curran (@mbfxc), Founder and CEO of the DigCit Institute. Read more about the amazing work Marialice does around the world at

We live in a fast-paced, constantly changing world with many struggles and frustrations that are often out of our immediate control. The recent viral trend of “Fake News” has taken the internet by storm and our role as educators is to support our students to understand who is behind the information that they are consuming.

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In order to support our students, we first must ensure that our teachers are fully upskilled on the matter and understand it themselves. Our responsibility is to prepare our students for the world they live in NOW. Blocking and banning is not the solution. Here are five ways to teach kids how to navigate “Fake News” as consumers and producers:

Fact Vs. Fiction

As an example, let us look at this website on The Pacific Northwest Tree Octopus. The site has information about the tree octopus and even includes resources, citations, sightings and images. The question we need to ask our students is “is it even possible for an octopus to live in a tree?”.

When we are researching online, we must run through a checklist to determine if the site is fact or fiction. Consider these questions next time you get stumped:

  1. Explore the content. Is it even possible or likely? Is the content hard to believe? Ask yourself if the headline matches the content? Is the content one-sided or are all sides of the story represented?
  2. Check the reliability. If you are questioning the credibility of the content, explore the “About Us” section and also check the references. Are the links working on the site? Check the URL and look for any hints or misspelled words.
  3. Fact check. This is your opportunity to check if this news is reported anywhere else. What other sites or news stations are reporting on the same story? Start to collect a bibliography of sources that help you determine the authenticity of the story.
  4. Learn how to cite resources. Become familiar with Creative Commons and learn about sites like Photos for Class, Flickr and Pixabay.
  5. How to prevent spreading fake news. Luckily, there are resources like Snopes and FactCheck.Org which can also help you check the reliability of the source before you pass it on.

Digital citizenship and media literacy skills have never been more necessary both in and out of the classroom. The bottom line is that we can all get caught in believing and spreading “Fake News” unless we practice how to critically examine, consume and produce content, as well as learn how to evaluate the credibility of the source and how to credit the source. Practicing these skills on a daily basis will ensure that students learn to ask the right questions in order to determine if the material is fact or fiction.

Schools must prepare students for the real world instead of continuously protecting them from it in the little bubbles we have in our communities.

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Craig Kemp

Craig Kemp

I am a passionate Global EdTech Consultant based in Singapore but working with Schools and EdTech companies all over the world. I am a lifelong learner, dream creator and thought leader. I love to inspire others and find inspiration. Co-founder of #whatisschool, #asiaED edchats and #pubPD.

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3 CommentsLeave a comment

  • Its very good that you make sure to teach this to kids at an early age. With all the scandals going on in the media (and the white house, but we don’t need to get into that) its important for students to understand what information they can trust and what information they should throw away. This is especially important as they grow in to young intellectuals and develop ideas for research. If they can’t tell the difference between fact and fiction their entire project could be ruined.

  • As a teacher-in-training, I have been wondering about how fake news will affect the kids who are growing up surrounded by it. I absolutely agree with your post, we should be educating our students to distinguish between what is credible and what is not. Ensuring that they have the ability to weed out the false from the real will not only help them in their studies, but will also allow them to develop a healthy amount of skepticism for any extraordinary claims they might hear in their lifetime.

  • I am taking a class this semester and the teacher stresses using reliable sources. She states to not rely on “.com” sites and to find over-lapping information that supports the subject matter. When a site uses sources make sure to check their sources as well to see where there information is coming from. Growing up I never learned this and would frequently use “.com” sites. Using scholarly articles have reputable information that can be used in papers as well as sharing with others. Thanks for the extra tips!

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